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Glaciers and Glaciation

Led by Dr Simon Carr, Queen Mary University London

Fieldwork: Environmental Change, Landscape Evolution and Glaciation Location: Dale Head to Borrowdale

Landscape and Environmental Change: The Lake District preserves a fascinating record of events ranging from around 500 million years ago through to the present day, with the region previously being an ocean bed, a super-volcano, a desert sand-sea and most recently a centre for repeated, extensive glaciation. The group explored how each phase of the geological evolution of the Lake District has created the landscape that we can see today, in particular the dramatic changes in climate, environment and landscape 10,000 years ago, a period known as the Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition (LGIT).

Mountain glaciation: Exploration of landscapes and land systems associated with former mountain glaciation, which are particularly well-developed in the Lake District. Mapping the evidence of LGIT glaciation and how a simple geomorphological map can be used to rebuild former glaciers in FOUR dimensions, how they flowed and behaved, and even how much precipitation there was (and how much was snow and rain).

“These stones have a story to tell”: Exploring simple methods of analysing clast morphology (shape, roundness, surface markings) to show how these properties reflect processes of wear and abrasion during sediment transport. Discovering small sediment exposures, with sediments of different origins, and analysis of processes that have shaped clasts at different stages of transportation on a journey from Dale Head to Borrowdale.

Download Lake District field guide here.